Human resource (HR) department deals with wide range of activities from strategic planning level to the day to day operations level. Therefore defining roles and responsibilities of HR manager is a quite complex task but some of the functions carried are summarized below.
HR manager gets involved in the strategic planning process of the organization and identifies HR as a core competency of the organization. When HR is assumed as a core competency HR becomes a competitive advantage for the organization and HR manager is responsible of developing the HR of organizations to bring the stated competitve advantage to the organization.
The HR manager holds the responsibility of forecasting the labour requirement of the organization in the future based on the future level of sales/production level of the organization. The labour forecast may identify the need for need for hiring or firing employees.
Once the labour forecast is done organization can identify the need for more labour in the organization if the existing workforce is not sufficient to handle the future workload. In such a situation HR manager has to recruit new potential candidates to fill the vacancies. Recruitment is the process of creating a pool of potential candidates who can be employed to fill the vacancies.
Selection is the process by which the most suitable candidate is selected from the recruited pool of candidates. Selection is done by carrying out various types of tests and interviews. HR department/manager is responsible of selecting the most suitable employees to fill existing vacancies.
Induction is the process by which new employees are made familiarized with the organizational environment. Once the employees are selected they need to be introduced to other staff of the organization and they should be given necessary guidelines about the organizational culture and the procedures.
Once the employees are done with the induction they become an employee of the organization but the skills they possess may not be adequate to carry out required tasks. The need for training arises when the there is a gap between expected level of skills and the current level of skills of an employee. If a there is a training need HR department has to design training programs and execute them.
HR manager is responsible of motivating employees to carry out their duties of a timely and accurate basis.
This is where the employees performance are evaluated based on expected level and the actual level of the performance. HR department needs to design performance appraisal systems to appraise the employee performance on a fairly manner.
Once the employee performance evaluation is done HR department needs to design good employee rewarding packages to reward well performing employees. These rewards could be of monetary or non monetary in nature.
HR department is responsible of managing the carrier growth of employees where they needs to promoted in the carrier ladder if they are suitable to fill existing vacancies in high ranks of the organizational structure.
When the organization decides that thy no longer need the service of certain employee they need to be sent to be given the redundancy notices and have to be paid the redundancy charges. HR department has to manage this process.
HR department needs to accept the grievance and complaints submitted by the employees about their problems. HR department need to listen to grievance and should come up with solutions to solve problems.
There can be complaints about employees regarding poor performance, bribery, misbehavior and so on. HR department needs to hear those complains and make necessary steps (advising/punishing employees) to solve those issues.